The Cowling Arboretum Soundscape Study could not have been completed without the support of several important individuals and institutions:

1) Carleton College – Special thanks for the financial and moral support from the college that provided funding for necessary equipment and approval to complete the study.  Specifically, thanks to Elizabeth Ciner, director of student fellowships, and Nancy Breaker, director of the Cowling Arboretum.

2) Cinema and Media Studies Department and Production Office – This study could not have been completed without the technical resources provided by the department and the educational support from Dr. Jay Beck and the other CAMS faculty members.  Special thanks to Dr. Beck for his careful oversight and advice without which the study could not have advanced to its current extent.

3) The National Park Service – Several individuals within the NPS provided instrumental support for completing this project.

First, I am extremely grateful to Davyd Betchkal for bringing me to Denali, taking me under his wing, and teaching me the concepts of environmental acoustics.  Davyd’s high level of knowledge about biology and acoustics was very inspirational and fueled my passion for this project.  Whether backpacking up steep slopes or communicating via email, Davyd has provided continual advice without which this study would be lacking in concepts and content.

Second, special thanks to Emma Lynch and Damon Joyce, of the Natural Sounds and Night Skies Division, for providing support with Acoustic Monitoring Toolbox.  This study could not have been completed without AMT, and I am grateful for their willingness to troubleshoot how to best use the software for the needs of the study.

4) My parents – None of this would have been possible without the guidance and support from my parents.  Thank you for always being there for me and helping me accomplish my goals!


Krause, Bernard L. The Great Animal Orchestra: Finding the Origins of Music in the World’s Wild Places. New York: Little, Brown, 2012.

National Park Service Acoustic Communication Scientific Articles (Link)

National Park Service Natural Sounds and Night Sounds Division (Link)

Schafer, R. Murray. The Soundscape: Our Sonic Environment and the Tuning of the World. Rochester, VT: Destiny, 1993.

Truax, Barry. Acoustic Communication. Westport, CT: Ablex, 2001.

Wild Sanctuary – Bernie Krause (Link)